We’re back with another #RadiologyRounds by Pulm PEEPs Associate Editor Tess Litchman. An immunosuppressed 65-year-old man presents with neutropenic fever. He is started on empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics with vancomycin and zosyn. Serum beta-D-glucan is positive.
Further, workup reveals a positive serum galactomannan and a BAL PCR that is positive for Aspergillus. The patient is diagnosed with invasive aspergillosis and started on voriconazole. A repeat CT is obtained in 3 weeks. What do you think of the evolving findings?
Welcome to another episode in our Pulm PEEPs Fellows’ Case Files series! The purpose of this series is to highlight and amplify the incredible clinical work that is done by pulmonary and critical care fellows, share fascinating cases, and assemble a diverse network of pulmonary and critical care educators. Today we’re headed to Baylor College of Medicine to hear about a fascinating case. Tune in, let us know what you think on Twitter, and let us know if you have a great case to share!
Meet Our Guests
Benjamin Moss completed his internal medicine residency training at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and is currently a senior pulmonary and critical care fellow there.
Philip Alapat is an Assistant Professor of Medicine and the Program Director of the Pulmonary and Critical Care Fellowship at Baylor. He completed his residency and fellowship training all at Baylor.
A 60s-year-old man with seropositive RA on Rituximab presents with dyspnea and cough, and overall “not feeling well.” For the past week, he has had malaise, body aches, and subjective fever. For the past 3 days, he has had acutely worsening dyspnea that is worse with exertion, but present at rest and a cough with scant sputum production. He had been on Methotrexate previously but within the last year developed pancytopenia and MTX was stopped and he was switched to adalimumab/Humira. His pancytopenias did not resolve, and he was ultimately diagnosed with Felty syndrome (a triad of RA, neutropenia, and splenomegaly) and switched to rituximab every 6 months with his last dose being 4 months ago. During the last week, he tried taking prednisone 10 mg a day but his symptoms did not improve.
Key Learning Points
**Spoilers Ahead** If you want to think through the case on your own we advise listening to the episode first before looking at these points.